Boston was founded in 1630 by the Puritans on the Shamwut Peninsula and the Charles River. It was later merged with the Pilgrim settlement in Plymouth, thus creating the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In the 1700's, the British started to impose high taxes onto the North American colonies and because Boston was a major town at the time, the British then attempted to annex the city in the 1770's. This led to Paul Revere's famous warning ride to wake the minute men, which then led to the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, and several American Revolution battles, such as Bunker Hill and Breeds Hill. These events would later lead to American Independence in 1776.
Now Boston is considered to be a center for politics and intellectualism and is home to several colleges and universities. It is also ranked high on the list of the world's livable cities, has high living standards, and a low crime rate.
You may also visit the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and the new Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Bridge, which is a wonder of its kind.